Cedric Williams

Professor of Psychology

Office Address

184 Gilmer Hall

Office Hours:
Wed: 11:00-12:30 and 3:00-4:30


 My primary research interests are centered on understanding the relationship between emotionally arousing events and their capacity to modulate brain systems that encode new experiences into memory. A major focus of this research is to delineate the role brainstem nuclei play in this process. They are known to receive synaptic input regarding changes in peripheral autonomic and neuroendocrine states following emotional arousal and also are responsible for conveying this information to brain structures that regulate memory formation. A second but equally important objective of this research is to reveal how brainstem structures that are recipients of this information, affect memory formation by influencing neurotransmitter release in limbic structures such as the amygdala and hippocampus.We use a battery of behavioral learning tasks as well as in vivo microdialysis to identify the types of chemical transmitters that are released in the brain to affect memory storage.


  • Young, E. J. & Williams, C. L. (2013). Differential Activation of Amygdala Arc Expression By Positive and Negatively Valenced Emotional Learning Conditions. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, v7, 7:191.
  • Park, S. M. & Williams, C. L. (2012). Contribution of Serotonin Type-3 Receptors in the Successful Extinction of Cued or Contextual Fear Conditioned Responses: Interactions with GABAergic Signaling. Reviews in Neurosciences 23, 555-569
  • Chen, C. C. & Williams, C. L. (2012). Interactions Between Epinephrine, Ascending Vagal Fibers and Central Noradrenergic Systems in Modulating Memory for Emotionally Arousing Events. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 6:35; 1-20.
  • McIntyre, C.K., McGaugh, J. L., Williams, C. L. (2012). Interacting Brain Systems Modulate Memory Consolidation. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36, 1750-1762.
  • Kerfoot, E. C. & Williams, C. L. (2011). Interactions between the Brainstem Noradrenergic Neurons and the Nucleus Accumbens Shell in Modulating Memory for Emotionally Arousing Events. Learning and Memory, 18, 405-413.
  • Young, E. J. & Williams, C. L. (2010). Valence Dependent Asymmetric Release of Norepinephrine in the Basolateral Amygdala. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124, 633-644.
  • King, S. O. II & Williams, C. L. (2009). Novelty-induced arousal enhances memory for classical fear conditioning: Interactions between peripheral adrenergic and brainstem glutamatergic systems. Learning and Memory, 16, 625-634.